Engineered wood products (EWP)FigureFunctionalityFurther comment
Wood fibre insulation boards (WFIB)GreenSpec: Wood Fibre Insulation: IntroductionApplication as insulation material (roof, wall, floor, ceiling, interior, façade, attic) 
Cross-laminated timber products (CLT)Cross Laminated Timber (CLT) – Mass Timber ServicesAlternative to reinforced concrete systems (concrete floor slab) and steel structuresAdhesives may be problematic
Laminated veneer lumber (LVL)LVL – Laminated Veneer Lumber: STEICOApplication in beams, headers, columns (considering building structures), door and window headers, stair stringers, purlins and girders in building framesAdhesives may be problematic
Glue laminated timber (Glulam)Obiekty BIM - Pobierz za darmo! BOISE GLULAM® Beam | BIMobjectApplication in construction elements, building frames, column, beam etc. Alternative to steel structures and concrete floor slab.  Adhesives may be problematic.
Construction timberUnderstanding the booming popularity of timber construction - Build MagazineApplication in: construction elements, building frames, column, beam etc. Alternative to steel structures and concrete floor slab. 
    
Concrete with the use of secondary materials   
Concrete with the use of recycled aggregated (C&DW) Application may be limited as it depends on the quality requirements. Application in building foundations, construction of road bases, sub-bases and pavements, structural concrete elements, construction of embankments and retaining walls, production of precast concrete products etc.Recycled concrete degrades the durability of components, shortening their life spans.  
Concrete with the use of blast-furnace slag Application in foundations, slabs, and driveways, mass concrete applications (dams and foundations), production of pre-cast concrete products (blocks and panels), high-performance concrete.Leaching of compounds.
Concrete with the use of coal combustion fly ashes Application in pavement construction, residential construction (foundations, slabs,  driveways), precast concrete products (blocks, panels, pipes), construction of bridge structures (beams, columns, decks), dams, foundations etc.  Leaching of compounds.
    
Bricks with the use of secondary materials and reclaimed bricks   
Brick with dredged mud  https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/6d/Mudbricks_in_Palestine_2011.jpg/1280px-Mudbricks_in_Palestine_2011.jpgApplication in low-rise constructions (residential buildings, small structures), traditional and vernacular architecture, boundary walls and fences, storage sheds, agricultural buildings, and other non-residential structures, artistic and decorative applications. 
Brick with fly ash (FAB)        What is fly ash brick? Why it's important for the enviroment?Construction of walls, partitions, and other structural elements, construction of commercial and industrial structures (offices, warehouses), construction of bridges and culverts, paving applications (driveways, walkways, and other outdoor surfaces), use for interior and partition walls, use in renovation and retrofitting projects etc.Concerns related to potential contamination caused by waste materials and the slow industrial and public acceptance rate could be the reasons for the limitation
Brick with steel slag        Pilot production of steel slag masonry blocksApplication for walls, facades, and other structural elements, construction of commercial and industrial structures (offices, warehouses, manufacturing facilities), bridges and culverts, construction of retaining walls, paving applications (driveways, walkways, and other outdoor surfaces), garden walls and decorative elements, sound barrier walls along highways, use for interior and partition walls etc.Concerns related to potential contamination caused by waste materials and the slow industrial and public acceptance rate could be the reasons for the limitation
Brick with calcium carbide sludge        The potential of calcium carbide waste and termite mound soil as materials  in the production of unfired clay bricks - ScienceDirectPaving applications (walkways,  landscaping elements), application in decorative features in architectural designs, applications in low-strength or non-load-bearing structures.Concerns related to potential contamination caused by waste materials and the slow industrial and public acceptance rate could be the reasons for the limitation. Structural limitations.
Reclaimed bricks Application for building facades, creating pathways and walkways in gardens, parks, and residential landscapes, construction of patios and courtyards, construction or renovation of fireplaces and chimneys, constructing retaining walls, interior flooring, application in various architectural features (arches, columns, decorative elements), garden edging etc.Usually not suitable for load-bearing applications. For such applications, strength requirements should be met.
    
            Steel Various applications: reinforcing bars (rebar), structural beams, pipes, sheets, automotive parts, containers, manufacturing of household appliances (refrigerators, washing machines, and stoves), construction and maintenance of railroad tracks and bridges, production of furniture (steel-framed chairs, tables, and other metal furniture items),  reinforcement in concrete construction etc.Steel is not really low carbon material due to the high-energy processes of mining, hardening, enrichment and rolling. However, steel can be recycled over and over to make new steel. From this point of view, it is circular material.
    
Geopolymers Used as binders for sustainable building materials (alternative to lime and ordinary Portland cement), manufacturing of precast concrete products (blocks, panels, and pipes), road construction for the production of durable and high-strength concrete for pavements and other structural elements, production of insulating materials, fire-resistant coatings for structures and materials, 3D printing of construction components, production of ceramics, architectural elements (decorative panels, sculptures, and building facades). 
    
Other building materials   
Glass Windows and doors, household items, furniture, greenhouse panels,  etc. 
Rammed earth (wall) Applied in small-scale constructions (residential homes), fencing and boundary walls, restoration of historical buildings, barns, storage buildings,  sound barriers along highways. 
Gypsum board Application for interior partition walls, suspended or drop ceilings, fire-resistant wall assemblies, acoustic panels, reducing sound transmission, archways, niches, decorative elements, etc. 
Hempcrete Wall and roof insulation, constructin of non-load-bearing interior walls, in some cases exterior non-load-bearing walls, renovation and restoration of historical buildings, construction of tiny homes, etc. 
Reclaimed asphalt pavement Application in road construction (asphalt mixtures, base and subbase construction, road resurfacing, and rehabilitation).Not applicable in buildings but in other construction projects
Excavated soil Application in backfilling, landscape levering, gardens, rehabilitation of brownfield sites, construction or renovation of sports fields, embankment material in road construction projects, in some cases a substitute for construction aggregates in certain applications, cover material in landfill operations.Application of excavated soil should adhere to local regulations and guidelines to ensure environmental compliance and prevent contamination.